Saturday, December 3, 2011

Qurat-ul-Ain 'Tahira'

“ You can kill me as soon as you like, but you cannot stop the emancipation of women.”

She was one of the early followers of the Ba’b (a monotheistic religion founded by Baha u llah in 19th-century Persia, emphasizing the spiritual unity of all humankind). Her life, influence and execution made her a key figure of the religion.

Táhira is considered one of the foremost women of the Bábí religion and an important figure in its development.

As a charismatic individual, she was able to transcend the restrictions normally placed on women in traditional society where she lived, and thus attracted attention to the Cause.


In June-July 1848, a number of Bábí leaders met in the hamlet of Badasht at a conference, organized in part and financed by Bahá'u'lláh, that set in motion the radicalization of the Bábí movement.

Many of the Bábís participating in the conference supported a rather conservative view on Bábism, viewing it as an offshoot of the Shaykhí school of thought not a religion in its own right.

Táhira, however, advocated for a radical break with Islam. As an act of symbolism, she took off her traditional veil in front of an assemblage of men.

The unveiling caused shock and consternation amongst the males present.

Many screamed in horror at the sight, and one man was so horrified that he cut his own throat and, with blood pouring from his neck, fled the scene. Táhira then arose and began a speech on the break from Islam. She quoted from the Quran, "verily, amid gardens and rivers shall the pious dwell in the seat of truth, in the presence of the potent King".

The unveiling caused great controversy that even led some of the Bábís to abandon their new faith.

When they neared the village of Níyálá, the local mullá, outraged at seeing an unveiled woman sitting next a group of males and chanting poems aloud, led a mob against them.

Several people died in the resulting clash and the Bábís were forced to disperse in different directions.

Although the unveiling led to accusations of immorality, the Báb responded by supporting her position and naming her the Pure (Táhira).

No other poet suffered so much for her conviction as Quratul Ain Tahira.

Born in Qzwin in 1819 in a family of distinguished scholars she was mother of three children when strangulated on the order of the Qachar court for the crime of being a deviant.

She tried her best to impress upon the learned judges’ that she had a viewpoint and it should not be a crime to hold fast to it.

Quratulain very soon became a legend. Some acknowledge her right of being a deviant.

Some acknowledged her prowess as a poet. Some were influenced by the profusion of passion and mellifluousness in her poetic diction.

And thus she impresses Allama Iqbal too…

In Javed Nama… Pir Rumi takes Iqbal to Falak Mushtri and points out that there were only three sacred free souls –

1: Mansur bin Hallaj 2: Ghalib and 3: Quratul Ain Tahira.

They choose their immortal journey and denied to enter the heaven.

They like their journey and was blessed with a rare privilege which after their death became their power.

They were blessed with a fire which could melt the earth…and that fire was conviction, i.e, LOVE.

Her being mentioned by Allama Iqbal in his Javed Name shows that how Quratul Ain Tahira impressed him.

Iqbal was moved by Quratul Ain’s image as a great lover. He thought that she could melt the hearts of even the soulless majority.

He was so much enamored of Quratulain’s passionate poetry that much of his passion could be traced when he placed her on Falak-i-Muhtri in the trio of those great souls who could change the destiny of mankind through their passion and commitment.


  1. Very informative and interesting..thanks for sharing

  2. Thanks for this effort for all of us. Very informative.

  3. hmmm....thank you Sumaiya and Komal...

  4. My mother's name was Tahira.Right now I really don't have much to say.But Insha allah I will soon have something to say.

  5. hmm.....Thank you so much chaman for coming...and will wait for you to come up with something to share...

  6. In history there are peoples died physically centuries ago but they still inspire us. But, the sad thing is that we no very little or at all about these great people. She was mentioned in Iqal poetry but we don;t know about her thanks to the state of Pakistan sponsered promotion of Iqbal.
    Fida Khan Canada

  7. Quratul Ain Tahira was a very powerful lady.To be mentioned with Ghalib and Al Hallaj was quite an accomplishment for her.
    According To Allama Iqbal she had the fire to melt the earth and that fire was Love.I loved reading about her.
    Chaman Asgar

  8. As a devout Shia I may not agree what she believed, but I can not dare to disagree to what Iqbal thinks. She must be what Iqbal says.

  9. Dear Razi Shah Sahib

    Thank you for coming.
    May be you have not read her the way Iqbal read her. I am glad that you have the tolerance to accept people with their ways....
    I am honored that you visited.

  10. Please post her great poetry which is one of the best poetic heritage of persian language.she was and is a controversial figure due to her religious beliefs but her poetry is above all controversy.

  11. Excellent post! Thoroughly relished reading it as Qurat ul ain was/is an inspiration, indeed! Cheers.

  12. Quratul ain declared that islam is canceled and has no legitimacy anymore.
    Mansur Hallaj said destroy the kaaba andthat he can say better things than the quran
    why they are still refered to as muslims is a joke

  13. Qurrat ul Ain is now being worshipped by baies
    If the blogger is Babi or Bahai then please write to me on ( confidentiality is ensured

  14. Her poetry is Wort reading. I disagree with her belief butt respect very much for her poetry. Belief is her private matter.

  15. "She was one of the early followers of the Ba’b (a monotheistic religion founded by Baha u llah in 19th-century Persia, emphasizing the spiritual unity of all humankind). Her life, influence and execution made her a key figure of the religion."
    Ba´b was not Baha ullah he was Ali Mohammad Bab.

  16. Bab was on of the 30 minor Dajjals mentions in Hadith, and this lady was her followers,

  17. Bab was one of the 30 minor Dajjals mentioned in Hadith, and this lady was her follower.
    A great Dajjal and a great lady.

  18. Thanks for sharing this valuable information about a brave,daring and courageous woman.
    I am looking for her speeches,if anybody can help me in this regard.

  19. If there was a single proof of the Bab it was to produce a woman like Tahirah.

  20. Don't be mesmerized by her. Its not worth it. Read full about her before taking an impression.