She was one of the early followers of the Ba’b (a monotheistic religion founded by Baha u llah in 19th-century Persia, emphasizing the spiritual unity of all humankind). Her life, influence and execution made her a key figure of the religion.
Táhira is considered one of the foremost women of the Bábí religion and an important figure in its development.
As a charismatic individual, she was able to transcend the restrictions normally placed on women in traditional society where she lived, and thus attracted attention to the Cause.
In June-July 1848, a number of Bábí leaders met in the hamlet of Badasht at a conference, organized in part and financed by Bahá'u'lláh, that set in motion the radicalization of the Bábí movement.
Many of the Bábís participating in the conference supported a rather conservative view on Bábism, viewing it as an offshoot of the Shaykhí school of thought not a religion in its own right.
Táhira, however, advocated for a radical break with Islam. As an act of symbolism, she took off her traditional veil in front of an assemblage of men.
The unveiling caused shock and consternation amongst the males present.
Many screamed in horror at the sight, and one man was so horrified that he cut his own throat and, with blood pouring from his neck, fled the scene. Táhira then arose and began a speech on the break from Islam. She quoted from the Quran, "verily, amid gardens and rivers shall the pious dwell in the seat of truth, in the presence of the potent King".
The unveiling caused great controversy that even led some of the Bábís to abandon their new faith.
When they neared the village of Níyálá, the local mullá, outraged at seeing an unveiled woman sitting next a group of males and chanting poems aloud, led a mob against them.
Several people died in the resulting clash and the Bábís were forced to disperse in different directions.
Although the unveiling led to accusations of immorality, the Báb responded by supporting her position and naming her the Pure (Táhira).
No other poet suffered so much for her conviction as Quratul Ain Tahira.
Born in Qzwin in 1819 in a family of distinguished scholars she was mother of three children when strangulated on the order of the Qachar court for the crime of being a deviant.
She tried her best to impress upon the learned judges’ that she had a viewpoint and it should not be a crime to hold fast to it.
Quratulain very soon became a legend. Some acknowledge her right of being a deviant.
Some acknowledged her prowess as a poet. Some were influenced by the profusion of passion and mellifluousness in her poetic diction.
And thus she impresses Allama Iqbal too…
In Javed Nama… Pir Rumi takes Iqbal to Falak Mushtri and points out that there were only three sacred free souls –
1: Mansur bin Hallaj 2: Ghalib and 3: Quratul Ain Tahira.
They choose their immortal journey and denied to enter the heaven.
They like their journey and was blessed with a rare privilege which after their death became their power.
They were blessed with a fire which could melt the earth…and that fire was conviction, i.e, LOVE.
Her being mentioned by Allama Iqbal in his Javed Name shows that how Quratul Ain Tahira impressed him.
Iqbal was moved by Quratul Ain’s image as a great lover. He thought that she could melt the hearts of even the soulless majority.
He was so much enamored of Quratulain’s passionate poetry that much of his passion could be traced when he placed her on Falak-i-Muhtri in the trio of those great souls who could change the destiny of mankind through their passion and commitment.